Author(s): Ravi Kumar


DOI: 10.52711/2231-5691.2021.00036   

Address: Ravi Kumar
Bharat Institute of Technology, Meerut, UP.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 11,      Issue - 3,     Year - 2021

In the “ecosystems-first” approach to the origins of life, networks of noncovalent assemblies of molecules (composomes), rather than individual protocells, evolved under the constraints of molecular complementarity. Composomes evolved into the hyperstructures of modern bacteria. We extend the ecosystems-first approach to explain the origin of eukaryotic cells through the integration of mixed populations of bacteria. We suggest that mutualism and symbiosis resulted in cellular mergers entailing the loss of redundant hyperstructures, the uncoupling of transcription and translation, and the emergence of introns and multiple chromosomes. Molecular complementarity also facilitated integration of bacterial hyperstructures to perform cytoskeletal and movement functions.

Cite this article:
Ravi Kumar. Evaluation of Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cell. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. 2021; 11(3):202-5. doi: 10.52711/2231-5691.2021.00036

Ravi Kumar. Evaluation of Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cell. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. 2021; 11(3):202-5. doi: 10.52711/2231-5691.2021.00036   Available on:

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